downloaded movie used eMule with Morricone's music
e Vanzetti/Sacco and Vanzetti-2
VIP member special area has been opened in 2011
meet the Morricone fans's requirement that In-depth
study the series of works of the great master Ennio
complete summary and play in online of the OST and
the flms of 401 official works of Ennio Morricne
Subscription notification and explanation of "Ennio
Morricone Fans Handbook" >>>>>>
soundtracks resource library (Total
has been opened, Free
live in fifth floor of a small apartment in Paris
Latin section in 1927 spring....
A motion of save two Italian workers was started in
Paris, they are N.Sacco and B.Vanzetti, they was brought
a false charge into theft and murderer and had been
put in a jail of criminal awaiting for execution in
Boston of America for
6 years. I often pass
the streets pasted posters of speech meeting, demurral
meeting for save them.
I read Vanzetti's "Autobiography" who is
one of so-called "prisoners", there is this
word in it:" I hope that every family have house,
every mouth have bread, every heart will get education,
everyone's brightness will get a opportunity to development."
I am very excite. Vanzetti said the word in my heart....
Bajin's autobiography in 1995 (See
info about history background, charaters and events of the movie
is a phrase used to describe the 1920s, principally in North
America, that emphasizes the period's social, artistic,
and cultural dynamism. Normalcy returned to politics in
the wake of World War I, jazz music blossomed, the flapper
redefined modern womanhood, Art Deco peaked, and finally
the Wall Street Crash of 1929 served to punctuate the end
of the era, as The Great Depression set in. The era was
further distinguished by several inventions and discoveries
of far-reaching importance, unprecedented industrial growth
and accelerated consumer demand and aspirations, and significant
changes in lifestyle.
The social and societal upheaval known as
the Roaring Twenties began in North America and spread to
Europe in the aftermath of World War I. Europe spent these
years rebuilding and coming to terms with the vast human
cost of the conflict. The Government of the United States
did little to aid Europe, opting rather for an isolationist
stance. By the middle of the decade, economic development
soared in Europe, and the Roaring Twenties broke out in
Germany (the Weimar Republic), Britain and France, the second
half of the decade becoming known as the "Golden Twenties".
In France and Canada, they were also called the "années
folles" ("Crazy Years").
The spirit of the Roaring Twenties was marked
by a general feeling of discontinuity associated with modernity,
a break with traditions. Everything seemed to be feasible
through modern technology. New technologies, especially
automobiles, movies and radio proliferated 'modernity' to
a large part of the population. Formal decorative frills
were shed in favor of practicality, in architecture as well
as in daily life. At the same time, amusement, fun and lightness
were cultivated in jazz and dancing, in defiance of the
horrors of World War I, which remained present in people's
minds. The period is also often called "The Jazz Age".
The United States, and to a lesser degree Canada, became
more xenophobic or, at least, anti-immigrant. The American
Immigration Act of 1924 limited immigration from countries
where 2% of the total U.S. population, per the 1890 census
(not counting African Americans), were immigrants from that
country. Thus, the massive influx of Europeans that had
come to America during the first two decades of the century
slowed to a trickle. Asians and citizens of India were prohibited
from immigrating altogether. Alien Land Laws, such as California's
Webb-Haney Act in 1913, prevented aliens ineligible for
citizenship, (except Filipinos, who were subjects of U.S.)
of the right to own land in California. It also limited
the leasing of land by said aliens to three years. Many
Japanese immigrants, or Issei, circumvented this law by
transferring the title of their land to their American-born
children, or Nisei, who were citizens. Similar laws were
passed in 11 other states.
In Canada, the Chinese Immigration Act of
1923 prevented almost all immigration from Asia. Other laws
curbed immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe. A Gentlemen's
Act gave America the right to prevent any Japanese immigrants
from entering the country.
Main article: Prohibition in the United States
In 1920, the manufacture, sale, import and export of alcohol
was prohibited by the Eighteenth Amendment to the United
States Constitution in an attempt to alleviate various social
problems; this came to be known as "Prohibition".
It was enacted through the Volstead Act, supported greatly
by churches and leagues such as 'The Anti Saloon League'.
America's continued desire for alcohol under prohibition
led to the rise of organized crime, smuggling and gangster
associations all over the U.S. In Canada, prohibition was
only imposed nationally for a short period of time, but
the American liquor laws nonetheless had an important impact.
Warren G. Harding
Warren G. Harding ran on a promise to "Return to Normalcy",
a term he coined, which reflected three trends of his time:
a renewed isolationism in reaction to World War I, a resurgence
of nativism, and a turning away from the government activism
of the reform era. Throughout his administration, Harding
adopted laissez-faire policies. Harding's "Front Porch
Campaign" during the late summer and fall of 1920 captured
the imagination of the country. It was the first campaign
to be heavily covered by the press and to receive widespread
newsreel coverage, and it was also the first modern campaign
to use the power of Hollywood and Broadway stars who traveled
to Marion for photo opportunities with Harding and his wife.
Al Jolson, Lillian Russell, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford,
were among the luminaries to make the pilgrimage to central
Ohio. Business icons Thomas Edison, Henry Ford and Harvey
Firestone also lent their cachet to the Front Porch Campaign.
From the onset of the campaign until the November election,
over 600,000 people traveled to Marion to participate. His
administration was plagued with scandals with which he was
likely not involved. On the scandals, he commented, "My
God, this is a hell of a job!" and, "I have no
trouble with my enemies, but my damn friends, they're the
ones that keep me walking the floors at night."
See also: U.S. presidential election, 1920
Calvin Coolidge was inaugurated as president after the death
of President Harding. He was easily elected in 1924 when
he ran on a basis of order and prosperity. Coolidge made
use of the new medium of radio and made radio history several
times while president: his inauguration was the first presidential
inauguration broadcast on radio; on 12 February 1924, he
became the first President of the United States to deliver
a political speech on radio, and only ten days thereafter,
on 22 February, he also became the first to deliver such
a speech from the White House. He is famous for his quotation
"The chief business of the American people is business".
Herbert Hoover was the final president of the 1920s, taking
office in 1929. He stated in 1928, "We in America today
are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before
in the history of any land."
Fall of labor unions
Main article: Trade union
Several labor strikes in 1918 and 1919 marked a turning
point in American's view of labor unions. State militias
began to be used to break up strikes and state officials
started enacting criminal laws against disturbances. Labor
union membership fell drastically throughout the country.
Radical unionism declined as well, in large part because
of Federal repression during World War I by means of the
Espionage Act and the Sedition Act of 1918. Socialist Eugene
V. Debs had been sentenced to prison for 10 years as a result
of the latter, although he was released early by Harding.(More)
G. Harding (29th
Mitchell Palmer (Fiftieth Attorney General, 1919-1921)
Encyclopedia: Palmer Raids
The Palmer Raids (1919–1920) involved mass
arrests and deportation of radicals at the height of the
post–World War I era red scare. Attorney General A. Mitchell
Palmer encouraged the raids in the hope that they would
advance his presidential ambitions. Ultimately, the extra-constitutional
nature of this action destroyed Palmer's political career.
He was viewed not as a savior but rather a threat to the
civil rights and liberties of all Americans. J. Edgar Hoover,
the chief of the Justice Department's Radical (later General
Intelligence) Division who actually organized the raids,
went on to a forty-eight-year career as director of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) (originally called
the Bureau of Investigation). The other principal, Anthony
Caminetti of the Department of Labor's Immigration Bureau,
remained an obscure bureaucrat.
A wave of strikes, race riots, and anarchist
bombings in eight cities provided the context for the Palmer
Raids. One of those bombs partly destroyed the attorney
general's own home in Washington, D.C. From February 1917
to November 1919, federal agents deported sixty aliens of
some 600 arrested as Anarchists. More raids followed over
the next two months, the most notable being the 249 persons,
including Emma Goldman, deported on December 21 aboard a
single "Red Ark," the Buford. The most ambitious
raids occurred on January 2, 1920, with lesser efforts continuing
over the next few days. In all, Hoover utilized 579 agents
from the Bureau of Investigation and vigilantes from the
recently disbanded American Protective League to orchestrate
massive raids against communists in twenty-three states.
At least 4,000 and perhaps as many as 6,000 persons from
thirty-three cities were arrested. Most were Communist Party
members or suspected members. About 300 were members of
the Communist Labor Party. Among the abuses documented by
the American Civil Liberties Union and such prominent attorneys
as Zechariah Chafee Jr., Roscoe Pound, and Felix Frankfurter
were abuses of due process, illegal search and seizure,
and indiscriminate arrests, use of agents provocateurs,
Hoyt, Edwin P. The Palmer Raids, 1919–1920:
An Attempt to Suppress Dissent. New York: Seabury Press,
Preston, William. Aliens and Dissenters:
Federal Suppression of Radicals, 1903–1933. New York: Harper
& Row, 1966.
Schmidt, Regin. Red Scare: FBI and the Origins
of Anticommunism in the United States, 1919–1943. Copenhagen:
Museum Tusculanum Press/University of Copenhagen, 2000.
Wikipedia: Palmer Raids
The neutrality of this article is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.
Please do not remove this message until the dispute is resolved.
Alexander Mitchell PalmerThe Palmer Raids were a series
of controversial raids by the U.S. Justice and Immigration
Departments from 1919 to 1921 on suspected radical leftists
in the United States. The raids are named for Alexander
Mitchell Palmer, United States Attorney General under Woodrow
The crackdown on radical left-wing political groups had
actually begun during World War I. After a series of bomb
attacks of court buildings, police stations, churches and
homes attributed to violent immigrant anarchist groups,
the Department of Justice and its small Bureau of Investigation
(BOI) (predecessor to the FBI) had begun to track their
activities with the approval of President Woodrow Wilson.
In 1915, Wilson warned of hyphenated Americans who have
poured the poison of disloyalty into the very arteries of
our national life. Such creatures of passion, disloyalty
and anarchy must be crushed out.
Handicapped by the secrecy of these groups
and limited Federal law enforcement capabilities, the Bureau
of Investigation significantly increased its workload on
anarchist movements after 1917 when the Galleanists (followers
of Luigi Galleani) and other radical groups commenced a
new series of bomb attacks in several major American cities.
The Russian Revolution of 1917 was also a background factor:
many anarchists believed that the worker's revolution there
would quickly spread across Europe and the United States.
On June 15, 1917, Congress passed the Espionage
Act. The law set punishments for acts of interference in
foreign policy and espionage. The act authorized stiff fines
and prison terms of up to 20 years for anyone who obstructed
the military draft or encouraged "disloyalty"
against the U.S. government. After two anarchist radicals,
Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, continued to advocate
against conscription, Goldman's offices at Mother Earth
were thoroughly searched, and volumes of files and detailed
subscription lists from Mother Earth, along with Berkman's
journal The Blast, were seized. As a Justice Department
news release reported:
A wagon load of anarchist records and propaganda
material was seized, and included in the lot is what is
believed to be a complete registry of anarchy's friends
in the United States. A splendidly kept card index was found,
which the Federal agents believe will greatly simplify their
task of identifying persons mentioned in the various record
books and papers. The subscription lists of Mother Earth
and The Blast, which contain 10,000 names, were also seized.
In 1919, the U.S. House of Representatives
refused to seat Socialist representative Victor L. Berger
from Wisconsin because of his socialism, German ancestry,
and anti-war views. Congress also passed a series of immigration,
anti-anarchist, and sedition acts (including the Sedition
Act of 1918) that sought to criminalize or punish advocacy
of violent revolution.
On June 2, 1919, several bombs were detonated
by Galleanist anarchists in eight American cities, including
one in Washington, D.C., that damaged the home of newly
appointed Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer. The same
bomb detonated near Franklin Roosevelt who lived across
the street and was walking home with his wife. Palmer was
badly shaken up (the bomber, Carlo Valdonoci, was killed
by the bomb, which exploded prematurely). All of the
bombs were delivered with a flyer reading:
War, Class war, and you were the first to
wage it under the cover of the powerful institutions you
call order, in the darkness of your laws. There will have
to be bloodshed; we will not dodge; there will have to be
murder: we will kill, because it is necessary; there will
have to be destruction; we will destroy to rid the world
of your tyrannical institutions.
Palmer, twice the intended victim of assassination,
had a personal as well as public motivation to win the battle
against the radical left and those preaching violence. 
After his close calls at the hands of the Galleanists, he
appears to have grouped all those identified with the radical
left as enemies of the United States. He stated his belief
that Communism was "eating its way into the homes of
the American workman," and that socialists were responsible
for most of the country's social problems.
Calls from the press and a worried public
quickly escalated for the federal government to take action
against those perpetrating the violence. Pressure to take
action intensified after anarchists, communists and other
radical groups called on draft-age males to refuse conscription
and/or registration for the army, and for troops already
serving to desert the armed forces. President Wilson ordered
Attorney General Palmer to take action.
At the time, Emma Goldman, Alexander Berkman,
and Luigi Galleani were in the forefront of the anti-conscription
movement. Valdonoci, the Palmer house bomber, was later
identified as a militant follower of Luigi Galleani. Attorney
General Palmer requested and received a massive supplementary
increase in Congressional appropriations in order to put
a stop to the violence. Palmer then ordered the Department
of Justice and the Bureau of Investigation to prepare for
what would become known as the Palmer Raids.
In 1919, J. Edgar Hoover was put in charge of a new division
of the Justice Department's Bureau of Investigation, the
General Intelligence Division. By October 1919, Hoover's
division had collected 150,000 names in a rapidly expanding
database. Using the database information, starting on November
7, 1919, BOI agents, together with local police, orchestrated
a series of well-publicized raids against suspected radicals
and foreigners, using the Espionage Act of 1917 and the
Sedition Act of 1918. Palmer and his agents were accused
of using torture and other controversial methods of obtaining
intelligence and collecting evidence on radicals, including
Victor L. Berger was sentenced to 20 years
in prison on a charge of sedition, although the Supreme
Court of the United States later overturned that conviction.
The radical anarchist Luigi Galleani and eight of his adherents
were deported in June 1919, three weeks after the June 2
wave of bombings. Although authorities did not have enough
evidence to arrest Galleani for the bombings, they could
deport him because he was a resident alien who had overtly
encouraged the violent overthrow of the government, was
a known associate of Carlo Valdonoci and had authored an
explicit how-to bomb making manual titled La Salute é in
Voi (The Health is Within You), used by other Galleanists
to construct some of their package bombs.
In December 1919, Palmer's agents gathered
249 people of Russian origin, including well-known radical
leaders such as Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, and
placed them on a ship bound for the Soviet Union (The Buford,
called the Soviet Ark by the press). In January 1920, another
6,000 were arrested, mostly members of the Industrial Workers
of the World union. During one of the raids, more than 4,000
individuals were rounded up in a single night. All foreign
aliens caught were deported, with no requirement that there
be any evidence against them, under the provisions of the
Anarchist Act. All in all, by January 1920, Palmer and Hoover
had organized the largest mass arrests in U.S. history,
rounding up at least 10,000 individuals.
Louis F Post, then Assistant Secretary of
Labor, canceled more than 2000 of these warrants as being
illegal. Of the many thousands arrested, 550 people were
For most of 1919 and early 1920, much of
the public sided with Palmer, but this soon changed. Palmer
announced that an attempted Communist revolution was certain
to take place in the U.S. on May 1 1920 (May Day). No such
revolution took place, leading to widespread derision of
Palmer. Once seen as a likely presidential candidate, he
lost the nomination of the Democratic Party to dark horse
candidate James M. Cox.
On September 16, a violent blast rocked
Wall Street. The Wall Street bombing killed 38 people and
wounded over 400; it was never solved but was widely attributed
to radical anarchists.(See
The term "Red Scare"
has been retroactively applied to two distinct periods of
strong anti-Communism in United States history: first from
1917 to 1920, and second from the late 1940s through the
late 1950s. These periods were characterized by heightened
suspicion of Communists and other radicals, and the fear
of widespread infiltration of Communists in U.S. government.
Main article: First Red Scare
The 'First Red Scare' began during World War I in which
the United States fought from 1917-1918. Tensions were further
elevated during this time frame owing to a widespread campaign
of violence by various groups inspired by the Bolshevik
revolution in Russia and the ensuing Russian Civil War (1917-1923).
Historian Levin B. Murray described the First Red Scare
as "a nation-wide anti-radical hysteria provoked by
a mounting fear and anxiety that a Bolshevik revolution
in America was imminent--a revolution that would destroy
property, church, home, marriage, civility, and the American
way of life."
In April 1919, a large-scale plot to mail
thirty-six bombs to a variety of prominent Americans was
uncovered. The intended recipients included immigration
officials, Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes,
the chairman of a Senate committee investigating Bolsheviks,
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, J. P. Morgan and John
D. Rockefeller. On June 2 of the same year, bombs exploded
in eight different cities within the same hour. One of the
intended targets was again Attorney General Palmer, whose
Washington, D.C. home was bombed. The man planting the bomb
at Palmer's home was killed in the explosion, and evidence
indicated that he was an Italian alien living in Philadelphia.
This occurred during a time of heightened
xenophobia in America. Various brands of radical anarchism
were acquiring some notoriety, and their advocates were
often recent immigrants to the U.S. The Industrial Workers
of the World (IWW) was responsible for several prominent
strikes in 1916 and 1917, and this too was seen as a threatening
form of radicalism largely inspired by foreign born "agitators".
By 1919, hundreds of strikes were occurring every month
nation-wide, and the conservative press was commonly referring
to strikes as "crimes against society," "conspiracies
against the government," and "plots to establish
As a result, even before the bomb plots
of 1919, a series of immigration, anti-anarchist, and sedition
laws (including the Sedition Act of 1918) were passed and
widely exercised as a means to remove undesirable elements
from the country. In the words of David D. Cole, "the
federal government consistently targeted alien radicals,
deporting them[…] for their speech or associations, making
little effort to distinguish true threats from ideological
After the bombings, Attorney General Palmer
initiated what came to be known as the Palmer Raids. These
were a series of mass arrests and deportations of immigrants
who were suspected of being leftists or radicals. A total
of between 4,000 and 10,000 individuals were arrested over
two years. Palmer placed J. Edgar Hoover, then 24 years
old, in charge of this operation. At Hoover's specific direction,
prisoners were questioned without access to attorneys and
their bail was set prohibitively high. Many were beaten
during their arrest or questioning.
The raids were initially highly praised
by the public and press. The Washington Post proclaimed
"There is no time to waste on hairsplitting over infringement
of liberty," and the New York Times referred to the
injuries inflicted on a group of suspects as "souvenirs
of the new attitude of aggressiveness which had been assumed
by the Federal agents against Reds and suspected Reds"
Eventually there was criticism of the raids. A group of
twelve prominent lawyers that included future Supreme Court
Justice Felix Frankfurter published "A Report on the
Illegal Practices of The United States Department of Justice,"
citing violations of the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth
Amendments to the Constitution and accusing Palmer of "illegal
acts" and "wanton violence." Palmer then
issued a series of warnings that a revolutionary plot to
overthrow the government was to be launched on May 1, 1920.
When the date passed without incident, Palmer was widely
ridiculed. Adding to the criticism was the fact that evidence
sufficient for deportation could be found for less than
six hundred of the thousands who were arrested. In July
1920, Palmer's once-promising bid for presidential office
was squelched when he failed to win the Democratic nomination.
As a result of the fear and oppression around
the First Red Scare, membership in the Communist Party of
the United States and similar Marxist/Communist groups was
reduced by some 80 percent.
In 1919-1920, a number of states passed
criminal syndicalism laws that made the advocacy of violence
to secure social change unlawful. Traditional American ideals
of free speech were restricted.
'Second Red Scare' (1947–1957)...(More
in the movie-1 (Still 00:07:59)
in the movie-2 (Still 00:08:35)
Alvan Tufts Fuller
was a United States Representative from Massachusetts. He
was born in Boston on February 27, 1878. He attended the
public schools, and engaged in the bicycle business. Fuller
was founder and owner of the Packard Motor Car Co. of Boston.
He was elected a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives,
and was a delegate to the Republican National Convention
He was elected as a Republican
to the Sixty-fifth Congress, reelected to the Sixty-sixth
Congress and served from March 4, 1917, to January 5, 1921.
Fuller served as Lieutenant Governor 1921-1924, and was
elected Governor in 1924. He was reelected to a second term.
After leavng office, he became chairman of the board of
Cadillac-Oldsmobile Co., of Boston. He did not accept compensation
for services while in public office. Fuller died in Boston
on April 30, 1958. He was interred in East Cemetery in Rye
Beach, New Hampshire.(WIKI)
Report of Governor Fuller
BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS (AUGUST 3, 1927).
.....This crime was committed
seven years ago. For six years, through diiatory methods,
one appeal after another, every possibility for delay has
been utilized, all of which lends itself to attempts to
frighten and coerce witnesses, to influence changes in testimony,
to multiply by the very years of time elapsed the possibilities
of error and confusion.
This task of review has been a laborious
one and I am proud to be associated in this public service
with clear eyed witnesses, unafraid to tell the truth, and
with jurors who discharged their obligations in accordance
with their convictions and their oaths.
As a result of my investigation I find no
sufficient justification for executive intervention.
I believe with the jury, that these men,
Sacco and Vanzetti, were guilty, and that they had a fair
trial. I furthermore believe that there was no justifiable
reason for giving them a new trial.
in the movie-1 (Still 01:51:40 and 01:53:58)
About the judge
of the Superior Court of Massachusetts Webster Thayer
Webster Thayer (Born 1857, died 1933) was
an 1879 graduate of Worcester Academy and Dartmouth College
and a former newspaper man. He was appointed a judge of
the Superior Court of Massachusetts in 1917. He is best
known as the trial judge for the Sacco and Vanzetti trial
Sacco and Vanzetti
In 1920, Sacco and Vanzetti, followers of Luigi Galleani
and avowed anarchists, were arrested and charged with payroll
robberies and murder. At their Dedham trial, Sacco and Vanzetti
were both convicted of murder for the killing of two employees
during a payroll robbery.
Thayer made clear his opinion in and outside
of the courthouse. Referring to Sacco in his jury instructions,
he said, "Although this man may not have committed
the crime attributed to him, he is nonetheless culpable
because he is the enemy of our existing institutions."
The judge also told a friend during the trial, "Did
you see what I did with those anarchist bastards the other
Thayer denied a post-trial motion for a
new trial, an act for which he was condemned by various
left-wing and civil liberties groups, along with some legal
critics, such as Felix Frankfurter. Others alleged that
Thayer was biased against the two men because of their radical
political beliefs. In 1920 he rebuked a jury for acquitting
anarchist Sergie Zuboff of violating a criminal anarchy
Boston Globe reporter said of Judge Thayer’s behavior at
the trial that "[He] was conducting himself in an undignified
way, in a way I had never seen in thirty-six years."
The reporter continued by saying that, "I have seen
the judge sit in his gown and spit on the floor."
Jurors in the Sacco-Vanzetti trial, however,
were almost unanimous in praising Thayer for the way he
conducted the trial. Reading the transcript, one sees few
signs of obvious bias. What is most striking, perhaps, is
Thayer's oratory, as in his charge to the jury: "Let
your eyes be blinded to every ray of sympathy or prejudice,
but let them ever be willing to receive the bountiful sunshine
For their part, both Sacco and Vanzetti
expressed their feelings towards Judge Thayer in unmistakable
terms. Vanzetti stated I will try to see Thayer death [sic]
and asked fellow anarchists for revenge, revenge in our
names and the names of our living and dead. In a signed
article for their defense committee, both men made a pointed
reference to Luigi Galleani's explicit bomb-making manual
covertly titled La Salute è in voi! (Health is in You!)
in response to those who had arrested, prosecuted, or convicted
Fellow Galleanists did not wait for retaliation, instituting
a campaign of bombing and attempted assassinations that
lasted a full five years after Sacco and Vanzetti's execution.
Court officials, a juror who had served in the Dedham trial,
a police witness, and even Thayer himself were all targeted
for assassination by bombs planted at their residences.
After a Galleanist bomb destroyed Thayer's home in Worcester,
Massachusetts, he lived for the remainder of his life at
his club in Boston, guarded 24 hours a day by his personal
bodyguard as well as police sentries. He died in 1933 of
a cerebral embolism, aged 75.(See
Thayer in the movie
H. Moore - the original
lead defense attorney for Sacco and Vanzetti
Moore was the original lead defense attorney
for Sacco during the Dedham trial. He was a Californian
who had a reputation for successfully defending radicals.
Moore was not, however, well versed with Massachusetts law
or procedure. In fact, he had never before tried a
case in Massachusetts and would never do it again.
He withdrew from the case shortly after the trial, which
pleased Rosa Sacco, who disliked him from the beginning.
In 1983, it was revealed by the son of one of the original
group of four that hired him as defense lawyer that Moore
was a cocaine addict, and had to be constantly supplied
with the drug throughout the course of the trial.
Fred Moore (attorney)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fred H. Moore was a socialist lawyer and the defense attorney
of the controversial Sacco and Vanzetti case. He had collaborated
in many labor and Industrial Workers of the World trials
and was noted for his role in the celebrated Ettor-Giovannitti
case, which came out of the 1912 Lawrence, Massachusetts,
Sacco and Vanzetti case
Main article: Sacco and Vanzetti
During the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti, many had noted how
Judge Webster Thayer seemed to loathe defense attorney Fred
Moore. Thayer frequently denied Moore's motions, lecturing
the California-based lawyer on how law was conducted in
Massachusetts. On at least two occasions out of court, Thayer
burst into tirade. Once he told astonished reporters that
"No long-haired anarchist from California can run this
Moore in the movie-1(Still
Moore in the movie-2
Thompson took over Sacco and Vanzetti’s
defense after Fred H. Moore withdrew from the case. Thompson,
by most accounts, was a conservative and prominent Boston
attorney who had been a council member of the Boston Bar
Association. Some in the Defense Committee had wanted Thompson
to handle the case in trial court rather than Moore. Thompson
argued the post-trial motions before the Supreme Judicial
Court of Massachusetts in January of 1926.
Thompson in the movie-1(Still
Thompson in the movie-2
Galleani and "Cronaca Sovversiva"
|Luigi Galleani (1861-1931)
was a major 20th century anarchist. Famous among both
Italians and Americans, he was a proponent of propaganda
by the deed. He was the founder and editor of the Cronaca
Sovversiva, a major Italian anarchist periodical which
ran for a period of about 15 years before being shut
down by the American government. Several books that
bear his name are excerpts from the preceeding publication.
The one exception is La Fine dell'anarchismo? (The End
of Anarchism?) in which Galleani asserts that Anarchy
is far from dead, but in fact is a force to be reckoned
|Born in Vercelli to middle
class parents, Galleani became an anarchist in his late
teen years, while studying law at the University of
Turin. Eventually dropping out, he turned his attentions
to anarchist propaganda. He was forced to flee to France
to evade threatened prosecution in Italy, but was expelled
from France for taking part in a May Day demonstration....
...Soon after arriving in the United
States, Galleani attracted attention in radical anarchist
circles as a charismatic orator who believed that violence
was necessary to overthrow the 'capitalists' who oppressed
the working man. He often described himself proudly
as a subversive, a man dedicated to subverting established
government and institutions. Galleani settled first
in New Jersey, but was indicted for inciting a riot
and fled to Canada (where he was quickly expelled).
He then moved to Vermont, where he soon became known
as a proponent of "propaganda by the deed".
He was the founder and editor of Cronaca Sovversiva
(Subversive Chronicle), an Italian anarchist newsletter
which was published for 15 years before being shut down
by the American government under the Sedition Act of
here) and Vanzetti
leading authority of literature in China (From
his autobiography in 1995)
here or here)
Translate (Part of red): ....A
motion of save two Italian workers was started in Paris,
they are N.Sacco and B.Vanzetti, they was brought a false
charge into theft and murderer and had been put in a jail
of criminal awaiting for execution in Boston of America
for 6 years.
I often pass the streets pasted posters of speech meeting,
demurral meeting for save them. I read Vanzetti's "Autobiography"
who is one of so-called "prisoners", there is
this word in it:" I hope that every family have house,
every mouth have bread, every heart will get education,
everyone's brightness will get a opportunity to developmen."
I am very excite. Vanzetti said the word in my heart.
I live in near the Pantheon.
I always pass the Pantheon every day. In the dusk of rainy,
I stand front bronze of Rousseau, face to the "Genevese
citizen" who dreams to annihilate oppress and imparity,
pour out my despair and pain. When I return to loneliness
room, I sit down and write to the capital prisoner in American
prison like for ask come to the rescue (The reply letter
came at last, vanzetti wrote in the letter: "Youth
is expect of human." After a few months, he was executed
in a electrical chair, their wrong was just righted after
50 years. I called Vanzetti my teacher in the preface of
my first novel "Perdition")....
important info of Sacco
|Biographies of Trial
|Excerpts from Trial
|Appellate Court &
Clemency Decisions >>>>
|S & V Case: The
FBI Files >>>>
|New Chapter: Fair